Immigration Law submits to the national policies of a government that controls the incident of migration in the country. Under this law, foreign citizens are subject to the nationality law that governs the legal status of people concerning citizenship. The immigration laws vary accordingly from one country to another country. These laws are regulated by the international law as well of the United Nations International Covenant on Civil & Political Rights. This organization mandates all countries in the world to allow its own citizens to enter the country.
There are certain countries in the world that maintain strict laws concerning both the internal rights and right of entry. The rights may also include the right to participate in the government and the right for the duration of stay in the country. Many countries in the world as well have laws that designate naturalization process whereas immigrants are allowed to become citizens.
Immigration laws in the United States have experienced rough progress. These laws were created during the country’s colonial times. Through the Naturalization Act of 1790, the first attempt of foreign naturalization took place. Eventually over the years, the immigration of Chinese people in the country was halted through the Chinese Exclusion Act. A quota was assigned by the Immigration Act of 1924 on how many immigrants are allowed to become citizens of the United States.
The Federal government comprises of five major departments on their immigration process. These departments include the Department of Health & Human Services, Department of Labor, Department of State, Department of Justice, and Department of Homeland Security. Among these five departments, the last one bestows benefits on aliens and enforces immigration laws. It had replaced the Immigration & Naturalization Service in the United States. It also consists of three distinct departments namely the Customs & Border Protection, Immigration & Customs Enforcements, and US Citizenship & Immigration Services.
A Diversity Visa Lottery is conducted by the Federal government. This lottery grants legal entries to citizens of other countries in entering United States. However, the countries that get qualified to apply are those with low rates of immigration to the country. There are two different types of visa in the United States. The first visa is called the Immigrant Visa, which is intended for people who are seeking to reside in the country. It also covers people who are coming for limited visit such as tourists or travelers on business trip. The second visa is called as the Non-Immigrant. Immigration law had been a political issue in the country especially after the 9/11 attack. Every year, United States only allow more than one million aliens to become legal permanent residents.
The immigration laws in the United Kingdom cover the identical rights between the British citizens and the British overseas citizens. For anybody who was born in Britain or in any British overseas territories, the British citizenship can be acquired as a right. This right is also available for those people who have either parent a British citizen. Meanwhile, immigration laws in the European Union are created by the Treaty of Rome. In this treaty, citizens have the right to self-employment, provide services, and work in the United Kingdom.